General

Años:
Mes:
Wednesday, 25 de March del 2020
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, Mach 25, 2020 - NORCECA Confederation continues to work under the limitations caused by the COVID19 pandemic while taking the necessary measures to protect the health of its personnel staff. ...
Tuesday, 24 de March del 2020

TOKYO, Japan, March 24, 2020 - The President of the International Olympic Committee (...
Thursday, 19 de March del 2020

SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, March 19, 2020 - The North, Central American and...
Tuesday, 17 de March del 2020

SANTO DOMINGO, Domingo Dominican Republic, March 17, 2020 - The Twenty-fifth NORCEC...
  • Friday, 13 de March del 2020
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, March 13, 2020 - The FIVB is continuing to monitor the outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) on an hour-by-hour basis, and with the guidance of national and global authorities has determined the following policies will be...
  • Sunday, 08 de March del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, March 8, 2020 - The Executive Committee and Board of Administration of NORCECA completed a full agenda following their annual two-day ordinary meetings in Santo Domingo. ...
  • Sunday, 08 de March del 2020
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, March 8, 2020 - Around the world, volleyball and beach volleyball athletes act as role models to the next generation of players and fans. And one of the factors that stands volleyball apart from other sports is t...
  • Saturday, 07 de March del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, March 7, 2020 - Mark Eckert of Canada has been elected new president of the North, Central Volleyball Association (NCVA), the Central Zone of NORCECA. ...
  • Friday, 06 de March del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, March 7, 2020 - Prisilla Rivera, the current captain of the Dominican Republic's Volleyball National Team, popularly known as "The Queens of the Caribbean" was one of 13 women who received the 2020 Medal of...
  • Thursday, 05 de March del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, March 5, 2020 - The Executive Committee and Board of Administration of the NORCECA Volleyball Confederation will have its regular annual meetings next weekend at the headquarters of the institution in the D...
  • Friday, 14 de February del 2020
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, February 14, 2020 - The FIVB Development Commission praised the success of the Nucleus Plan when it met at the FIVB Headquarters in Lausanne yesterday. ...
  • Monday, 10 de February del 2020
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, February 10, 2020 - Dominican Denny Céspedes, American Patricia Rolf and Mexican Luis Macías are the three volleyball referees from NORCECA announced today by FIVB among the highly-experienced volleyball and beach voll...
  • Wednesday, 05 de February del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, February 5, 2020 - With great sadness we have received the news of the death from cancer of our friend Puerto Rican referee Edgar Laforest. ...
  • Wednesday, 05 de February del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, February 4, 2020 - It is with great sadness that we inform of the passing of Megan Prisilla, the beloved daughter of Prisilla Rivera, the captain of the women's national team of the Dominican Republic. ...
  • Thursday, 30 de January del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, January 30, 2020 - The complete rankings of NORCECA Confederation up to January 2020 have been published on the website available to all interested parties. ...
  • Thursday, 30 de January del 2020
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, January 29, 2020 - NORCECA Confederation donated hundreds of Molten volleyballs to the Scholar District of Hato Mayor as part of the development program at the school level. ...
  • Sunday, 26 de January del 2020
    SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, January 26, 2020 - The Puerto Rican Volleyball Federation will be hosting a Refinement Seminar for its coaches conducted by the successful Argentine coach, Carlos Daniel Cardona. ...
  • Tuesday, 21 de January del 2020
    BRETAYE, Switzerland, January 21, 2020 - The snow volleyball court was packed as members of the Olympic Movement joined young people and families from Switzerland and around the world at the FIVB's Snow Volleyball Festival in the mountain re...
  • Tuesday, 07 de January del 2020
    TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras, January 6 2020 - AFECAVOL President Felix Ambrosio Sabio took his first measures in front of the institution seeking for a more dynamic organization. ...
  • Tuesday, 07 de January del 2020
    BRIDGETOWN, Barbados, January 7, 2019 - It was a proud moment for the Barbados Volleyball Association when President Kenmore Bynoe led a number of its members in capturing top awards when the National Sports Council held its ann...
  • Saturday, 21 de December del 2019
    Christmas is a time for families to unite. It is a time for all of us in NORCECA to share happiness and goodwill. May love, peace and prosperity follow you always! ...
  • Tuesday, 10 de December del 2019
    SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, December 9, 2019.- Felix Ambrosio Sabio of Honduras, President elected of AFECAVOL during the 2019 General Assembly this Sunday in San Jose, Costa Rica, will work for a united Central America region. ...
  • Monday, 09 de December del 2019
    SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, December 9, 2019. - Felix Ambrosio Sabio from Honduras was elected President of the Association of Central American Volleyball Federations AFECAVOL during the second day of sessions of the 2019 General Assembly in San J...
  • Sunday, 08 de December del 2019
    SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, December 8, 2019.- The Association of Central American Volleyball Federations opened a two day 2019 General and Elective Assembly in San Jose, Costa Rica. ...
  • Saturday, 07 de December del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, December 7, 2019 - Three-time Olympic champion Mireya Luis Hernández of Cuba has received her OLY title on the occasion of the joint meeting of the International Olympic Committee Executive Board and the FI...
  • Friday, 06 de December del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, December 6, 2019 - Ariel Sainz, president of the Cuban Volleyball Federation and member of NORCECA Board of Administration, has been appointed as vice president of the Cuban Institute of Sports (INDER), the...
  • Thursday, 05 de December del 2019
    ST EUSTATIUS, December 5, 2019 - The Eastern Caribbean Volleyball Association (ECVA) held its 12th Annual Congress on the tiny Dutch Caribbean Island of St. Eustatius on November 30th. ...
  • Thursday, 05 de December del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, December 4, 2019 - The second edition of the NORCECA Continental Beach Volleyball Referee Course took place from November 20th to 24th with 15 participants, including five women. ...
  • Thursday, 05 de December del 2019
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, December 4, 2019 - International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Dr. Thomas Bach today praised the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) for its commitment to pioneering innovation across all areas of volleyball...
  • Thursday, 21 de November del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 20, 2019 - Sixteen participants from Belize, Canada, Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, United States, St. Kitts and the Dominican Republic are registered in the Continental Course for Beach Volle...
  • Friday, 15 de November del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 15, 2019 - The Continental Volleyball Referees Course organized by the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Volleyball Development Centre in Dominican Republic concluded with great success on Friday. ...
  • Tuesday, 12 de November del 2019
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, November 12, 2019 - USA Volleyball's Board of Directors has extended CEO Jamie Davis' contract through 2024, a positive vote of confidence following major accomplishments during his first t...
  • Monday, 11 de November del 2019
    MONTEGO BAY, Jamaica, November 10, 2019 - The Congress of the Caribbean Zonal Volleyball Organization (CAZOVA) was held at the Sunscape Resort in Montego Bay, Jamaica over the weekend (9-10 November). ...
  • Saturday, 09 de November del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 9, 2019 - A Continental Referee Course began on Saturday in Santo Domingo with 18 participants hailing from Argentina, Belize, Canada, Cuba, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico ...
  • Monday, 04 de November del 2019
    PANAMA CITY, Panama, November 4, 2019 - Dominican Luis Mejía Oviedo, president of the Dominican Republic Olympic Committee and IOC member, has been elected as new president of the Central American and Caribbean Sport Organ...
  • Wednesday, 23 de October del 2019
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, Oct. 22, 2019 - USA Volleyball is saddened to learn of the passing of legendary volleyball coach Mike Hebert. He passed away last night in San Diego at the age of 75. ...
  • Friday, 11 de October del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 10, 2019 - The International Beach Volleyball Coaches Course Level II successfully concluded on Thursday at the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center in the Dominican Republic. ...
  • Tuesday, 08 de October del 2019
    SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, October 8, 2019 - About 20 statisticians took part in the Data Volley workshop offered by the Puerto Rican Volleyball Federation with great success over the weekend. ...
  • Monday, 07 de October del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 6, 2019 - An International Beach Volleyball Coaches Course began in Santo Domingo on Sunday morning under the direction of Mauro Hernandez of Venezuela. ...
  • Friday, 27 de September del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, September 27, 2019 - Man Bok Park, the legendary Koren coach who led the national women's team of Peru to a silver medal in the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, passed away on Thursday. ...
  • Thursday, 26 de September del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, September 26, 2019 - An International Level II Coaches Course of Beach Volleyball will be held in Santo Domingo from October 6 to 10 under the organization of the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center in...
  • Wednesday, 25 de September del 2019
    OSAKA, Japan, September 25, 2019 - The Dominican Republic Women's National Team paid a courtesy visit to the main headquarters of Mizuno Corporation in Osaka where they were received by the president of the company Mr. Akito Mizuno. ...
  • Thursday, 19 de September del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, September 18, 2019 - The Olympic Committee of the Dominican Republic and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs have signed a cooperation agreement whereby diplomatic legations will support national teams that par...
  • Saturday, 31 de August del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, August 31, 2019 - Roosevelt Comarazamy, the current press officer of NORCECA Confederation, has been elected to the Sport Hall of Fame of the Dominican Republic in recognition of his long career and contrib...
  • Monday, 26 de August del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, August 26, 2019 - A Level II Coaches Course was started in Santo Domingo on Monday under the organization of the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center in the Dominican Republic. ...
  • Wednesday, 17 de July del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, July 17, 2019 - It is with great sorrow that we announce the untimely death of Mr. Hassan Ahmed Mohammed who passed away on' Tuesday in his native Egypt one day after chairing the judges' committee of the A...
  • Tuesday, 02 de July del 2019
    GUANAJUATO, Mexico July 2, 2019 - After five days of hard work, from June 25 to 29, the Level I International Coaches Course concluded in the premises of the University of Guanajuato, Mexico. ...
  • Tuesday, 25 de June del 2019
    GUANAJUATO, Mexico, June 25, 2019 - An International Course for Volleyball Coaches Level I was opened in Guanajuato, Mexico on Tuesday. ...
  • Monday, 24 de June del 2019
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, June 23, 2019 - Dr. Cecile Reynaud was elected as the 17th USA Volleyball Board of Directors chair/president during the national governing body's board meeting held June 21-22 in Hoffman Es...
  • Monday, 10 de June del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, June 10, 2019 - The NORCECA Regional Volleyball Development Center/FIVB, inaugurated the International Course for Coaches Level I, which, under the auspices of the International Volleyball Federation, the N...
  • Saturday, 08 de June del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic June 8, 2019 - The NORCECA Board of Administration and Executive Committee began their two-day annual meetings at the headquarters of the institution in Santo Domingo on Saturday. ...
  • Saturday, 08 de June del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, June 7, 2019 - Fort the first time ever in the history of NORCECA Confederation one of its commission held its annual meeting utilizing remote technology via internet. ...
  • Friday, 07 de June del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic - The NORCECA Finance Commission held its annual meeting in Santo Domingo on Saturday April 28. ...
  • Saturday, 01 de June del 2019
    GUANAJUATO, Mexico, June 1, 2019 - The International Course for Coaches of Beach Volleyball concluded on Friday at the premises of University of Celaya in the State of Guanajuato. ...
  • Thursday, 30 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 30, 2019 - NORCECA Confederation joins the Dominican Volleyball Federation in mourning the death of Dr. Josefina Cordero after a long battle with cancer. ...
  • Monday, 27 de May del 2019
    GUANAJUATO, Mexico, January 27, 2019 - An International Coaches Course Level I of Beach Volleyball is currently taking place in Celaya, Guanajuato with 21 participants, including those hailing from Argentina and El Salvador. ...
  • Thursday, 23 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 23, 2019 - The NORCECA Confederation joins the Europe's volleyball family in mourning the death of Dr. Jan Rek who for many years was president of the European Refereeing Commission. He was 65. ...
  • Tuesday, 14 de May del 2019
    LIMA, Peru, May 14, 2019 - Mr. Hidenari Fujii, Business Director of Latin America of Molten Corporation, attended the 5th U20 Women's Volleyball Pan American Cup as special guest of the NORCECA Confederation. ...
  • Monday, 13 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 13, 2019 - With 90 registered participants the National Course for Referees, Scorekeepers and Line Judges organized by the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center of Volleyball concluded in Dominican R...
  • Friday, 10 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 10, 2019 - Ninety participants from all over the country are registered in the national course for referees, line-judges and scorers of volleyball. ...
  • Tuesday, 07 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 7, 2019 - The National Course of Coaches that gathered together close to 100 of participants hailing from all over the Dominican Republic concluded on May 5 with satisfactory results. ...
  • Saturday, 04 de May del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, May 4, 2019 - About 100 participants hailing from all over the Dominican Republic are taking part in a national course for volleyball coaches under the auspices of the Ministry of Sports, NORCECA Confederat...
  • Friday, 12 de April del 2019
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, April 12, 2019 - USA Volleyball announced today a two-year partnership with Juice Plus+ as the national governing body's exclusive nutritional supplement partner. Together, Juice Plus+ and USA Volleyball will prom...
  • Monday, 08 de April del 2019
    PLAN DE CORONES/KRONPLATZ, Italy, April 7, 2019 - Maddison McKibbin, Riley McKibbin and Troy Field, participating as United States 2, claimed their country's first ever men's medal in international snow volleyball after a victorious run from...
  • Wednesday, 03 de April del 2019
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, April 3, 2019 - The FIVB has published its revised Constitution and its Rules of Procedure of the FIVB Congress, approved by the 36th FIVB World Congress in Cancún, Mexico. These changes reflect the International Feder...
  • Tuesday, 02 de April del 2019
    WAGRAIN-KLEINARL, Austria, April 2, 2019 - USA Volleyball CEO Jamie Davis found snow volleyball more exciting than he thought it would be. Accompanying the USA teams participating in the first FIVB Snow Volleyball World Tour event, co-organi...
  • Tuesday, 02 de April del 2019
    OTTAWA, Canada, April 2, 2019 - Canada will not only host VNL week 2 pool play matches from June 7 to 9, the local organizers will also have some of the top coaching minds share their knowledge at an International Coaching Symposium in Ottaw...
  • Monday, 01 de April del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, April 1, 2019 - Cuban-born former coach Jorge Pérez Vento who started the development program of female volleyball in the Dominican Republic in the last decade of the past century was honored on Sunday in r...
  • Tuesday, 19 de March del 2019
    LAUSANNE, Switzerland, March 19, 2019 - FIVB President Dr. Ary S. Graça F° welcomed Mr. Luis Mejía Oviedo, IOC Member and President of the Dominican Republic Olympic Committee, to the FIVB HQ last Friday. ...
  • Sunday, 17 de February del 2019
    SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, February 18, 2019 - The Central American Association of Volleyball Federations held its annual general assembly where the new presidents of Minor Valenciano Acosta of Costa Rica and Eduardo Guerra Mendieta of Panama alo...
  • Wednesday, 06 de February del 2019
    SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, February 6, 2019 - Seventeen referees participated in a Refreshment Course organized by the Professional Volleyball Officials of Puerto Rico from February 1 to 3. ...
  • Monday, 21 de January del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, January 21, 2019 - The NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center in the Dominican Republic began its 2019 cycle of activities with a course for Referees, Scorers and Line Judges organized in collaboration wi...
  • Friday, 18 de January del 2019
    PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad and Tobago, January 18, 2019 - Mushtaque Mohammed is back at the helm of the Trinidad and Tobago Volleyball. ...
  • Tuesday, 08 de January del 2019
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, January 8, 2019 - The President of the Dominican Republic H.E. Danilo Medina once again celebrated an international victory achieved by the volleyball national team of the country. ...
  • Monday, 24 de December del 2018
    Dear Norceca Presidents and Friends; As we enter the final days of 2018, it is source of satisfaction and happiness to look back and appreciate everything we have achieved in the past twelve months with the hard work a...
  • Thursday, 20 de December del 2018
    Dear volleyball family, As 2018 draws to a close it is an opportunity to reflect on what has been another fantastic year for volleyball under "Act as One". ...
  • Monday, 17 de December del 2018
    SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, December 17, 2018 - The president of NORCECA Cristobal Marte Hoffiz participated as lecturer in the Pan American Convention for Sport and Recreation held in San Juan. ...
  • Monday, 17 de December del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, December 17, 2018.- Message from President Cristobal Marte Hoffiz. ...
  • Wednesday, 12 de December del 2018
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado December 12, 2018 - John Kessel has placed footprints all over volleyball's three disciplines - indoor, beach and sitting - and his imprint has been felt around the globe. ...
  • Wednesday, 05 de December del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, December 5, 2018 - The President of the North-Central American and Caribbean Volleyball Confederation (NORCECA), Mr. Cristobal Marte Hoffiz, recently handed over 1,200 Molten volleyball balls that will be u...
  • Friday, 30 de November del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO - The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan paid homage on Thursday to Dominican Cristóbal Marte Hoffiz in recognition of his valuable contributions to strengthen the ties between both nations. ...
  • Friday, 23 de November del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 23, 2018 - A book covering the achievements of the female volleyball teams of the Dominican Republic during the period 1990-2016 was launched on Thursday in Santo Domingo. ...
  • Thursday, 22 de November del 2018
    GUANAJUATO, Mexico, November 22, 2018 - A Level II International Coaches Course opened on Wednesday in Guanajuato under the direction of FIVB Instructor Juan Cartagena of Puerto Rico. ...
  • Wednesday, 21 de November del 2018
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Coloado, November 21, 2018 - Danielle Scott, a five-time Olympian, two-time Olympic silver medalis...
  • Saturday, 17 de November del 2018
    CANCUN, Mexico, November 17, 2018 - FIVB President Dr. Ary S. Graça F° closed a highly successful 36th FIVB World Congress by ratifying the federation's new goals for growing volleyball around the world. ...
  • Friday, 16 de November del 2018
    CANCUN, Mexico, November 16, 2018 - FIVB President Dr Ary S. Graça Fᵒ spoke about his vision for the future of volleyball as he addressed over 200 National Federations at the 36th FIVB World Congress. ...
  • Thursday, 15 de November del 2018
    CANCUN, Mexico, November 15, 2018 - Connor Sport Court International and NORCECA Confederation have signed a four-year extension of their working agreement. ...
  • Wednesday, 14 de November del 2018
    CANCUN, Mexico, November 14, 2018 - FIVB President Ary S. Graça Fᵒ today met with national federations from each of volleyball's continental confederations, highlighting the importance of uniting for the ultimate global benefit of the sport....
  • Tuesday, 13 de November del 2018
    CANCUN, Mexico, November 13, 2018 - Mexico continues to make history in recent years in Volleyball and this time it will also be in the administrative area, since after 44 years the FIVB International Congress will be held again in Aztecs la...
  • Sunday, 11 de November del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 11, 2018 - Yudelkis Bautista, the Most Valuable Player of the volleyball tournament of the Pan American Games held in Santo Domingo 2003 was inducted to the Dominican Sports Hall of Fame on Sunday....
  • Sunday, 11 de November del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 10, 2018 - A Level I Coaches Course for those interested in teaching the game of volleyball is currently underway in Santo Domingo organized by the National District Association with the coordinati...
  • Friday, 02 de November del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, November 2, 2018 - The Level I International Coaches Course held at the NORCECA/FIVB Regional Development Center in the Dominican Republic concluded successfully on Friday. ...
  • Thursday, 01 de November del 2018
    COLORADO SPRINGS, Colorado, November 30, 2018 - USA Volleyball and NORCECA Confederation are sad to report the passing of Rebecca "Becky" Howard, a trailblazer in the sport of volleyball who advocated for diversity and inclusion. She pa...
  • Monday, 29 de October del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, October 29, 2018 - Eighteen coaches hailing from Aruba, St. Lucia, Curacao, United States, Belize, Bahamas, Grenada, Cayman Islands and St Kitts and Nevis are taking part in the Level I Course currently lectured by Cuban Franc...
  • Monday, 29 de October del 2018
    QUERETARO, Mexico, October 29, 2018 - More than 200 participants among athletes, officers and children from Queretaro attended the volleyball clinics offered by Cuban legend Mireya Luis Hernandez. ...
  • Saturday, 27 de October del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 27, 2018 - The FIVB Sport Development Department has appointed instructor Francisco Cruz as course director of the International Volleyball Coaches Course Level I to be held at the Dominican Republi...
  • Wednesday, 24 de October del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 24, 2018 - NORCECA Confederation President Cristobal Marte Hoffiz and FIVB President Dr. Ary S. Graça held a fruitful meeting in Japan on the occasion of the FIVB Women's World Championship that con...
  • Wednesday, 24 de October del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 24, 2018 - NORCECA President Cristobal Marte Hoffiz paid a courtesy visit to the premises of the Organizing Committee of the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games where he was received by volleyball legend Yuko ...
  • Tuesday, 09 de October del 2018
    NAGOYA, Japan, October 9, 2018 - Top executives of Molten Corporation have had a fruitful meeting with president of NORCECA here in Nagoya on the occasion of the FIVB Women's Volleyball World Championship. ...
  • Saturday, 06 de October del 2018
    SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic, October 7, 2018 - The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in the Dominican Republic have sent a message of gratitude to NORCECA President Mr. Cristobal Marte Hoffiz for his support, with his spaces an...